Sweets, Salts, and Other Food Cravings Explained | GETTIK

Sweets, Salts, and Other Food Cravings Explained | GETTIK

What Do Food Cravings Mean, and How Can You Stop Them?

Food cravings can come from a variety of places and mean many different things. You can crave certain foods due to medical reasons, like nutrient deficiencies. Sleep and lifestyle may also affect your food cravings — even exposure on social media can affect cravings. Broken down below are common types of food cravings, their causes, and what you can do to keep cravings from controlling your diet.

Types of Food Cravings & Their Cause

Food cravings happen for a variety of reasons — from the nebulous something-sweet-after-a-nice-meal, to the specific chicken tacos from the food truck across the street from your first apartment. Because there’s such a large range in cravings, we’re going to narrow it down to five categories  —  salt, sugar, carbs, fat, and unusual foods — and talk about the potential psychological and biological reasons you’re experiencing cravings.

Sugar

The insatiable sweet tooth is a struggle that many people can identify with. This is because sugar — especially artificial sugar like fructose — is chemically addictive. When you eat processed sugar, it releases dopamine, a feel-good hormone, which can cause the brain and body to associate sugar consumption with comfort or reward. This makes forming an addictive sugar habit relatively easy, and can make sugar cravings particularly tough to deal with.

Salt

Salt cravings can come from several places, some of which are surprising. Dehydration and electrolyte imbalance due to exercise or illness can cause salt cravings, as you lose sodium and electrolytes through your sweat, urine, and other bodily waste. Stress or premenstrual syndrome (PMS), can cause salt cravings as well.

Carbohydrates

Cravings for carbohydrates found in breads, donuts, pastries, and crackers are usually the result of high insulin. High levels of insulin can lead to carb cravings, as it burns carbohydrates instead of fats as energy. This can deprive other cells in your body of energy, which can cause you to feel hungry, or signal the supposed-need for more carbs.

Fat

The motivation behind cravings for fatty foods on a biological level are still under scrutiny by medical researchers. However, many behavioral scientists have found that following a strict low-fat diet can increase your fatty cravings. A reason extreme or exclusionary diets, most commonly seen in fad diets, might increase our cravings for the foods we’re trying to avoid is due to a built-up idealization of that food, memories associated with it, or unhappiness associated with being on a diet. This phenomenon is still unclear on a chemical level, and currently being discussed by researchers.

Unusual Cravings

If you’re craving something you’ve never had before, or an unusual combination of foods — pickles and peanut butter, for example — there could be a few reasons. A change in your hormones can change your palate, so if you’re pregnant, experiencing menopause, or undergoing any hormone-based treatments, you may find yourself craving something unusual to you. Unusual cravings coupled with other symptoms, like thinning hair or fatigue, might point to malnutrition or vitamin deficiency. These types of cravings can extend to foods with no nutritional value like ice — or non-edible foods. If you suddenly find yourself craving a raw steak, you may be low in iron or B12. Talk to your doctor to see if taking a multivitamin is a good idea for you to supplement any nutrient deficiencies that could be causing persistent unusual cravings.

How to Reduce Food Cravings

If you’re not experiencing cravings that are a result of nutrient deficiency or hormone changes, then there are quite a few strategies you can use to reduce or change your food cravings.

Plan Out Your Meals for a Well-Rounded Diet

Having a healthy meal plan can help manage your unhealthy cravings. Meal plans help bypass the instant gratification we can crave from junk food by making healthy, nutrient-rich food as accessible as junk food. There are plenty of services that you can use to help you meal plan, from blogs to paid subscription boxes, that focus on cutting costs and effort, as well as cutting down on cravings.

Avoid Addictive Foods

While you can become addicted to any kind of food, for a number of psychological reasons, some foods have a chemically higher chance of getting you hooked. Drinks especially high in artificial sugar or caffeine, like soda, energy drinks, and flavored coffees, can be incredibly addictive; high-fat snack foods, like french fries or potato chips can be addictive as well. Finding healthier snack alternatives, like air-popped popcorn or 100% fruit juice can help you cut down on unhealthy snacking and curb future cravings.

Stay Hydrated

Staying hydrated can reduce your cravings, as the part of your brain that interprets hunger signals, the hypothalamus, also interprets thirst signals. Eight glasses of water a day is the recommended amount. Keeping a water bottle around or infusing your water with fruit slices can help you stay hydrated and stop cravings throughout the day.

Don’t Go Too Long Without Eating

This might seem counterintuitive when trying to cut down on cravings, but going too long without eating can actually worsen your cravings for unhealthy foods.This is because going too long without eating puts your body in survival mode, and the instant gratification or accessibility of junk food becomes a strong draw. If you have a small snack in between your meals — like a handful of nuts or a piece of fruit — you’ll feel more satisfied throughout the day. Eating small snacks between meals can also help you avoid choosing fast food over cooking at home, as you won’t feel such a strong need for something immediate.

Improve Your Sleep Habits

If you find yourself falling victim to late-night cravings, you may not be getting enough sleep. Sleep is essential for your metabolism to function properly, and for your frontal lobe to engage in the complex decision judgment that allows us to prioritize eating healthy. Sleep-deprivation can worsen caffeine and sugar addiction, so if you want to decrease your cravings, start with getting some more shut-eye.

Is It Wise to Follow Your Cravings?

When considering indulging your cravings, be sure to keep moderation in mind. Indulging once in a while on a chocolate cupcake or a bowl of chips isn’t evil, and, in fact, can be a great way to reward yourself. However, the danger of letting your cravings dictate your diet can manifest in two extreme ways: binge eating and food addiction.

Binge Eating

Binge eating is a type of eating disorder that can be, but isn’t necessarily, followed by purging (the coupling of these two habits resulting in bulimia). Like binge drinking, binge eating occurs when you frequently consume large quantities of food past your “full” level. Whether as a way to distract from boredom, used as a coping mechanism, or a result of food insecurity, binge eating can lead to further serious eating disorders, and associate feelings of shame or depression with fueling your body.

Food Addiction

While this may sound harmless, food addiction can be a very serious illness, and a precursor to obesity, eating disorders, and other serious mental and physical health conditions. Like many addictions, food addiction is often used as a coping mechanism. Binge eating can be a part of food addiction, as choosing to overindulge can make those suffering from it feel empowered in their circumstance, or comforted from a traumatic experience. Food addiction can stem from socio-economic status, PTSD, and stress factors.

It is important when considering food and food cravings to listen to your body’s needs, not just its wants. If you have consistent cravings for one particular food, this could be a sign of malnutrition or vitamin deficiency. Besides consistent cravings, symptoms of malnutrition may include:

  • Fatigue;
  • Fogginess;
  • Hair loss;
  • Depression;
  • Trouble concentrating.

If you’re experiencing these symptoms continually, talk to your doctor about potential nutrient deficiency or signs of thyroid problems, as the symptoms are very similar.

Food can be a sensitive subject for many, whether due to weight insecurity, eating disorders, or socio-economic factors that make food hard to access. But you do not have to villainize your cravings, no matter what your situation. Learning why you’re experiencing food cravings, as well as strategies to manage unwanted cravings, can lead you to a happier, healthier relationship with food.

Are Multivitamins Worth It? Benefits & Drawbacks | GETTIK

Are Multivitamins Worth It? Benefits & Drawbacks | GETTIK

Are Multivitamins Actually Good for You?

There are many reasons why you might take a multivitamin — whether to supplement your diet with key nutrients, help manage food cravings and support healthy weight loss, or encourage bone health and disease prevention. But have you ever wondered if multivitamins are actually effective? According to Science Daily, the most common vitamin supplements taken — vitamin D, vitamin C, and calcium — provide no chemical, health, or lifestyle benefits for frequent users. Below, we’re going to explore the pros and cons of taking multivitamins.

Do Multivitamins Work?

The answer to whether or not multivitamins work is a little more complicated than a simple “yes” or “no.” Evidence is mixed across the board depending on factors like age, lifestyle, and pre-existing health conditions. However, there seems to be a consensus among health researchers that there aren’t any preventative health benefits to taking a multivitamin. Because many common multivitamins (especially those in solid pill form) are water-soluble, they are filtered out of your system via your urine.

The Pros & Cons of Multivitamins

While evidence for the effectiveness of multivitamins among certain populations is mixed, there are still pros and cons to taking them, depending on your circumstance.

Pros

  • Accessibility: many multivitamins are available over-the-counter at many drug stores, making them a cheap and accessible option for the right population.
  • Symptom management: if you suffer from a vitamin deficiency like anemia, adding a supplement on top of a modified diet can help mitigate symptoms and improve your nutrition.
  • Prevention: in the case of people at high risk of certain conditions due to lifestyle, age, or health, the right multivitamin can prevent or slow the onset of certain conditions, including reducing hair loss and muscle deterioration.

Cons

  • Overdose: it can be easy to overdose on multivitamins, as measuring the exact vitamins and minerals you’re getting from your diet is hard without the help of a professional. Symptoms of vitamin overdose can include nausea, vomiting, gastrointestinal distress, depression, anxiety, fatigue, and more.
  • Water- and fat-soluble: Many pill vitamin supplements are either water- or fat-soluble. This means that they are either filtered out through your urine, negating most of their effectiveness, or, in the case of fat-soluble vitamins, stored in your fat cells and unable to be processed.
  • Regulations: Vitamin supplements in the U.S. do not have to be approved by the FDA to be sold to consumers. This poses some serious questions to consumers about the regulation process, proven effectiveness, and ethical production.

Should You Take a Multivitamin?

The question of “should you take a multivitamin?” can’t be answered with a simple “yes” or “no” either. The truth is that the effectiveness of multivitamins across the spectrum is entirely dependent on your lifestyle, age, and health risk factors. Below are listed some of the common motivations behind taking multivitamins. 

Maintaining a Well-Rounded Diet

Because our bodies are highly efficient at processing the foods we eat, food is usually the best and most effective way to get the nutrients you need. However, if you follow certain exclusionary diets, like vegetarianism or veganism, consult your doctor about the benefits of taking multivitamins with B12, which is found primarily in red meats, Omega-3s, found primarily in fish, and iron to combat malnutrition and deficiencies.

Promoting Weight Loss

There are certain supplements marketed toward weight loss and appetite suppression that may have the same shortcomings as multivitamins. Some dietary weight loss supplements can result in severe symptoms like dehydration. This is because the supplements are diuretics that can cause symptoms like vomiting and diarrhea. Similarly, drinks and supplements marketed as ‘detox’ are often water-soluble, meaning any vitamins contained therein will be filtered out in your urine almost immediately.

If you’re looking to lose weight in a healthy manner, contact your doctor before you take any supplements, decrease the amounts of saturated fats, sugars, and salts you eat, and increase your exercise regimen.

Managing Certain Health Issues

Depending on who you are, multivitamins can be effective in managing certain health risks and symptoms. The right vitamin can help you manage thinning hair, and multivitamins like folic acid or B vitamins can help prevent cardiovascular disease and stroke in the elderly. When looking to manage your health, make sure you consult your doctor before you start taking any additional supplements to make sure you’re doing what is right for your body.  

More tyoes o supplements here.

If you aren’t at an increased health risk, you don’t partake in an exclusionary diet, and you aren’t over the age of 50, chances are that you don’t need a multivitamin to support your health. If you are concerned about your health or do need a diet supplement, then talk to your doctor, and make sure you do your research to find the supplement that will do you the most good without wasting your money.

Chemotherapy Side Effect Remedies | GETTIK

Chemotherapy Side Effect Remedies | GETTIK

Coping With Chemo: How to Fight Chemotherapy Side Effects

Cancer is a personal and potentially intimidating topic. According to Our World in Data’s 2019 statistics on cancer, every sixth death is caused by the disease, making it the second leading cause of death in the world. If you know someone who has been diagnosed with cancer or have been diagnosed yourself, you know that diagnosis and treatment isn’t the start of answers, but rather an introduction to a seemingly endless amount of questions.

What can happen to you while you undergo chemotherapy treatment? How can you manage chemotherapy symptoms? Below, you can find some commonly reported chemotherapy symptoms, and recommended ways to reduce their severity.

Constipation or Diarrhea

Constipation, diarrhea, and other gastrointestinal problems like bloating, stomach cramps, and nausea can occur while on chemo. Your gut has a delicately balanced biome that medicines and treatments — especially those as extreme as chemotherapy — can disrupt, leading to discomfort. However, there are ways that you can help protect and supplement your gut health during treatment.

Stay Hydrated

Proper hydration is incredibly important if you’re experiencing constipation or diarrhea because these symptoms can make you even further dehydrated. Eight glasses of water a day is recommended for the average person, but people being treated with chemotherapy may want to drink closer to 10 or 12.

Manage Fiber Intake

University of California San Francisco’s health sector recommends 25 to 30 grams of fiber a day that does not come from supplements. Fiber supplements, probiotics, and multivitamins can be taken after you’ve reached this threshold to further combat intestinal symptoms, but reach for foods first. Some foods that are rich in fiber are:

 

  • Whole grains;
  • Brown rice;
  • Beans and legumes;
  • Fresh or dried fruit.

Avoid Fast Foods

Foods high in salt and fat can dehydrate you, which can exacerbate intestinal discomfort. Fast food and high-fat foods may also generally lack the nutrients your body needs when combatting a serious illness. Excess oil and carbohydrates can also contribute to or worsen intestinal distress.

Adjust Your Supplements and Vitamins

Chemo can take a hard toll on the body, and this could be reflected in development of certain vitamin deficiencies. Being low in vitamins like B12 and vitamin D can be linked to poor intestinal health and negative side effects. There are ups and downs to taking certain multivitamins and supplements over the counter, especially as your metabolism and tolerances change while undergoing chemo. However, for those who have consulted their doctor, the right supplements may make a difference in symptom management.

Fatigue & Weakness

Chemotherapy can be an exhaustive experience on both an emotional and physical level. You may notice increased fatigue or muscle weakness, causing you to tire faster when performing common actions like standing, walking, and doing household chores. Fatigue and muscle weakness can cause you to feel helpless or frustrated with your body’s inability to perform like it used to. The good news is that there are some ways to help combat fatigue during chemo.

Stay Hydrated

Dehydration can increase fatigue and worsen other symptoms, so it’s important to stay hydrated. Since hydration key to managing many chemo symptoms, feel free to experiment with fruit-infused water, carbonated water, or different decaffeinated teas to add variety.

Maintain Your Bedtime Routine

Psychological factors, like a break in your routine, can increase fatigue. If you need to take naps throughout the day, especially after performing tasks, that is perfectly okay — but try to keep your bedtime and wake-up time around the same as you normally would. Maintaining your bedtime routine will help keep your circadian rhythm on track, which can lessen symptoms of general fatigue.

Preform mind and body exercises

Physical exercise is a great way to combat fatigue, but it may not be possible for everyone, depending on the severity of their symptoms. If you can’t engage in physical exercise, try activities that focus on the mind and body. Puzzles, card games, and memory games can help combat feelings of fogginess and fatigue. Taking up new hobbies like knitting, embroidery, or cross-words can help you keep your brain engaged, and make your time feel fuller.

Signs of fatigue can be similar to the signs of depression. If your fatigue becomes unbearable, or you’re experiencing a lack of motivation or desire, talk to your doctor or mental health provider.

Hair Loss

Hair loss generally happens over time, whether due to age, the maturation of the hairline, or male pattern baldness. Additionally, acute and rapid hair loss can be caused by chemotherapy. Alopecia can also cause hair loss all over the body, in both men and women, and can be a side effect of chemotherapy. Fortunately, there are options to help facilitate hair growth, both during and after chemo. A few examples are listed below.

Hair growth vitamins and supplements

Supplements that target and strengthen the natural proteins in hair, like keratin and collagen, can help prevent or reverse hair loss. Oftentimes these supplements are water-soluble and flavorless, which means you can take them mixed into a glass of water. This is not an instant solution, but is a good one for those interested in a more natural approach to hair regrowth.

Cosmetic implants

Cosmetic hair implants can take many forms. From non-permanent solutions like wigs or toupees to semi-permanent solutions like extensions, weaves, or hair-thickening fibers, to permanent solutions like implant surgeries. Each has its merits, depending on the stage of hair loss you are experiencing and the desired look outcome.

Cold Caps

Specifically designed for chemo patients, cold caps help fight hair loss during active chemo. They use various cooling methods depending on brand or type, like a frozen gel that needs to be refrozen after use, or a refrigeration system that circulates cold temperatures throughout the garment and that requires a plug-in. According to Breastcancer.org, as of March 2019, cold caps were 50% to 65% effective for chemo patients, especially those who received taxane chemotherapy. Cold caps can cause discomfort, but have no currently reported health risks.

High Risk of Infection

Since chemotherapy targets your own immune system while fighting cancer’s ability to multiply, it can drastically decrease your ability to fight infections and viruses. It’s important to know what strategies can help you mitigate this heightened risk during your cancer treatment. Listed below are only a few crucially important strategies to lower your risk of infection — for a detailed list refer to Cancer.org’s Watching For and Preventing Infections page.

Wash your hands and body frequently

Showering or bathing daily is recommended to kill bacteria in commonly sweaty areas, like your armpits, and high germ-traffic areas, like your feet. Similarly, being hypervigilant about handwashing can decrease your risk of infection on a daily basis. This is also a great tip for anyone you live with so that you can all interact together without anyone having to worry about being a heightened risk factor.

Stay away from standing water or public swimming areas

It’s recommended that cancer patients do not swim or wade in lakes, ponds, pools, hot tubs, water parks, or any other man-made or naturally occurring water. The germ-contact risk is incredibly high in these areas, especially if you have any minor cuts, scrapes, or an installed chemo port. The same is true of standing water, like vases with living flowers, birdbaths, and pet dishes, which can be common breeding grounds of all kinds of bacteria.

Carry an alcohol-based hand sanitizer

Alcohol-based hand sanitizer is helpful for keeping your hands clean in public after touching common surfaces like ATMs, keypads, door handles, and other high-traffic objects. It is also helpful to carry around a small bottle of lotion, as alcohol-based sanitizers can dry out your skin and cause it to crack or bleed, which can then turn into risk areas for germs.

Nausea & Vomiting

Chemotherapy is an incredibly intense type of treatment. Your body’s defense mechanisms may perceive chemotherapy drugs as a threat and try to expel them, causing intense nausea and vomiting.

Chemo can also cause a change or decrease in appetite. It is very important to monitor this symptom, as excessive vomiting can cause severe dehydration, malnutrition, and weight loss with unexpected side effects. In some cases, prolonged vomiting has caused internal damage, which could be fatal due to increased infection risk. There are ways you can manage nausea and vomiting induced by chemo, but if you experience prolonged or intense symptoms, it’s important to contact your cancer care team.

Maintain a plain diet

While you are feeling nauseated, stick to foods that are easy to digest, such as crackers, rice, toast, apple sauce, yogurt, potatoes, and other foods without complex flavors. Eating something with a distinct smell or taste while nauseated may cause a lasting association with that food that may cause you to feel sick each time you encounter it.

Eat regularly

An empty stomach can sometimes worsen nausea, so try to eat something every two to three hours. This can help you fight nausea, maintain energy, and keep your body nourished and healthy.

Talk to your doctor about anti-nausea medications

Sometimes take a routine anti-nausea prescription can seriously curb nausea and vomiting — although watch out for worsening constipation or intestinal distress if you do. If you aren’t ready to go that serious yet, there are some solutions available over the counter, such as queasy dropsthat can help by utilizing drug-free natural solutions, like ginger, honey, and peppermint.

Know When to Call a Doctor

This is the most important way to manage your symptoms and make sure that you are as safe and healthy as possible during chemo treatment. Chemo patients may be assigned a cancer care team by their hospital, and that team, along with your doctor, is there to answer your questions, help you lower your risks, and provide the best care possible. If you’re unsure about contacting your doctor, taking a genetic test may be able to help you. This can help you detect genetic mutations associated with diseases like breast cancer, or even help with anticipating the severity of some of your symptoms while being treated with chemo. It is important to note that a genetic test is not a replacement for the opinion of a medical professional, but rather a tool that can help you, and your doctor, manage your case more efficiently. 

 

The important thing to remember is that no cancer patient should feel like they have to navigate their experience alone. Staying in contact with your doctor, leaning on your loved ones, and caring for your body are some of the best ways to help combat the side effects of chemotherapy.

Mature Hairline vs Receding Hairline and Balding – facts and details

Mature Hairline vs Receding Hairline and Balding – facts and details

Mature Hairline

Hairline in human males differs at different stages of life. Observing the hair go back and watching the forehead becoming wider is not always necessarily the outcome of a possible future baldness. It can also be a sign of maturation of the hairline.

Hairline in men seldom remains where it was when they were younger. As men age they notice their hairlines receding which might instigate an alarm. However, these can easily just be mature hairlines and not an indication of balding as it is very easy to confuse the two.

Men would usually observe their hairlines at different levels at the age of 17 than when they age to 27 or 37. These differences in the hairlines can confuse them or even make them fret over a possibility of baldness in the future as the hairline begins to recede after they hit puberty

Maturing hairline will appear to be receding for a while before it stops. It might be straight or there could be irregularities like those with men having widow’s peak. Widow’s peak is a central growth in the hairline in the middle of the forehead which gives an impression of balding temples.

Mature hairlines might resemble the receding ones but there are some very distinct features to both of them that set them apart.

Natural Shift In The Hairline

Normally, the hairline is even across the forehead and rounded at the corners. This hairline is called “Juvenile” hairline as it changes when the person grows up, particularly men. No matter how intently you take care or have the best sets of genes, this hairline is destined to change and recede to some degree in over 90% of the men.

As men age, their hairlines start to change. Between 18-28 years, the juvenile hairline starts to recede and rearrange into the mature hairline. This change is natural and not a sign of balding. The hairline goes through final maturation during these years.

Though these hairlines are not necessarily balding, many experts have observed that they can pave way for male patterned baldness. This particularly happens for those with the specific genetic affinity for male patterned baldness more likely than for a majority and sometimes it is related to stress.

Development Of Mature Hairline

Ageing is a process that occurs in almost every part of the human body. After puberty, the body goes through a number of quite noticeable changes. These changes are largely due to a surge in certain hormones and a particular balance being developed among them. (William R. Rassman, 2013)

Like everything else, hairlines are also dependent on the intricate balance of these hormones. One such hormone is androgen. It’s a steroid hormone and has a higher percentage in men post puberty. Dihydrotestosterone (DHT), in particular, plays a huge role in miniaturization of the hair follicles after their release in the body at puberty. This hormone is responsible for the development of secondary sexual characteristics, like deeper voice, facial and body hair growth, ironically, its abundance leads to baldness.

Normal amounts of DHT is essential and produces normal mature hairlines in adults, but extra production often leads to baldness, particularly, male patterned baldness. This happens, because DHT is more potent than testosterone alone and attaches to the receptor sites for a longer period of time, causing an inflammatory response in the hair follicles.

Receding Hairline

Higher than normal levels of DHT slowly miniaturize the hair follicles with time and causes the loss of hair permanently. The receding hairline typically shows a horseshoe shaped pattern in men and a bald patch on crown for women. (Martinick, 1999)

This shape is also linked to the abnormally increased secretion and accumulation of DHT at the areas more prone to the hair loss, making a horseshoe pattern. This is linked with chronic scalp tension in people who develop this shape of hairline.

Chronic scalp tension is transmitted to and detected in galea appunurotica. From here a signal goes to the androgenic tissues which are prone to alopecia. These tissues then get inflamed and the hair loss begins. DHT is not directly responsible for the miniaturization of the hair follicles but risk factors like chronic scalp tension add to the inflammation and loss of hair follicles.

Increased amount of DHT however, does contribute to the thinning of hair and weaker hair follicles. This leads to an eventual hair loss by the process mentioned above.

Anabolic steroid drugs may also cause hair loss and baldness down the lane. These drugs are known to cause an increase in the levels of androgens in the body and therefore increased hair loss.

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Mature Hairline V/S Receding Hairline

Mature hairline:

  • Maturing hairlines can be quite similar to the receding hairlines if the person is not well aware in identifying the difference between the two. Maturation of the hairline continues to a certain time in life. It may start in teen years but it is a long process and ends in a decade, plus minus a year or two.
  • If the hair loss is persistent and does not curb, the hairline might have crossed over to receding from the mere process of maturation.
  • Mature hairline often does not exceed past the anterior borders of the ears on both sides. The hairline from the margins of juvenile hairlines does go back but it stops mostly at a distance of one finger from the first crease on the forehead.
  • The hair grown as the result of maturation are usually healthy and sustained. They are not easily lost or fall off immediately. The hair growth after the mature hairline develops should be as long and thick as the rest of the hair.
  • Moreover the pattern of hair loss in mature hairline is straight and relatively regular. The hair loss is not extreme in some places while not at all in others.

Receding hairline:

  • For receding hairlines, there is a high chance that the hair loss is irregular and fast. The hairline that remains might have a horseshoe pattern on the temples showing a higher rate of hair loss in those areas.
  • The hair that the follicles do manage to produce are thin and not durable at all. These hair fall off easily and at a higher rate than they grow, thereby producing bald spots.
  • For the detection of receding hairline, observe irregular bald spots along other areas of the head as well as the hairline. This confirms that the recession is not just due to maturation of the hairline.
  • When the hairline recedes, the changes that appear are sudden and observed within a few months. While the maturing hairline takes a long time, somewhere around 10 years or more depending on the physiology of the individual.

Mature Hairline And Balding

Maturing of the hairline is a natural phenomenon that happens to 96 % of the men as they hit puberty. It happens because of a normal shift in the concentrations of hormones in the body and is coupled with the development of secondary sex characteristics.

The hairline does go back a little when matured as compared to the juvenile hairline, but that does not necessarily signify that the individual is going to get bald in the near future.

For most men, maturation of hairline is so subtle that they don’t even notice as it happens. However if there is a possible baldness, it is easily noticeable as the loss of hair exceeds the new hair growth and there are evident bald spots. (Kavish Chouhan, 2019)

Hamilton-Norwood scale is one way to determine whether the pattern of hair loss lingers towards baldness or simple maturation. For the stages 1 and 2, the hairlines are most likely to be mere mature and not balding at all.

How To Detect Maturing Of The Hairline

For normal maturation of the hairline, it happens for a long period of time, years. So it might go undetected or the difference might hit at once if you observe it.

This maturation might also feel like the hair in front of your forehead are receding as the hairline would be further away as compared to the juvenile hairline. This could be a cause of concern.

However, there is a very simple way to measure the whether the hairline is maturing or receding.

  • Raise your eyebrows like when you are surprised
  • Hold a mirror to your face and observe
  • Put a finger between the top most line on your forehead and the hairline
  • If the distance between the two is greater than one finger, there is a chance that your hair is not just maturing, it might even be receding.

Thickness Of Hair

Hairline is an entirely different part of head than the bulk of hair. The two can’t compare as both have different qualities of hair to begin with. (Ogunmakin KO, 2011)

Hairline signifies as a mere silhouette of the hair that demarcates the border between hairless skin and the scalp. The bulk of hair on the scalp is always thicker and has more body and thickness than those at the hairline. Comparing the two is not right for that reason.

Reduction Of Hair Loss

Maturation of hairline can scare an individual if their hairline recedes at a higher pace with greater than normal hair loss. This can be managed with the use of Finasteride under prescription or minoxidil

Revivogen is a not a drug, and is advised to the people with receding hairlines as well.

There are other alternatives that can be used to reduce the hair loss and stop the recession of the hairlines after they mature. These alternatives are natural and don’t require the use of any chemicals.

  • Omega 3 fatty acids- including omega 3 fatty acids help in the reduction of scalp irritation and promote the healthy growth of hair.
  • Scalp massages-the blood circulation is the key to healthier scalp as the better the blood flow, the better nutrition your scalp get. This in turn will promote healthier growth of hair.
  • DHT levels- DHT is a naturally occurring hormone in the body at puberty. Keeping its levels in check with almonds, and zinc rich diets help keeping the hair follicles healthy.
  • Vitamins and minerals- vitamins like A, B, C, D, E is necessary for not only growth but the maintenance of hair. Consuming them helps in keeping the hair healthy and strong.

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Managing The Mature Hairline

As the hairline turns from juvenile to mature, there could be a need for changing the hairstyle. This change in hairstyle can be a daunting task as it could be drastically different from the one that you were used to.

Following are some manageable hairstyles:

  • Fringe cut- helps in concealing the hairline if it is too evident.
  • The quaff haircut- it is the more youthful and versatile looking haircut.
  • Faux hawk haircut- instead of concealing, this haircut will display the hairline out in the open.
  • Flow hairstyle- this one is a more mature look and will suite the maturing hairline
  • Ivy League haircut- this style helps in maintaining an extremely mature persona with the complimenting hairline.
  • Shape up cut- in this haircut the hairline will be chiseled to make a sharp rectangular form.

Conclusion:

In conclusion, the hairline you see changing as you age could be merely because of your body changing. It could be a natural change and absolutely normal, the mature hairline.

However, if the signs of these changes are quickly noticeable, it could be a receding hairline which is an issue of its own. There are ways to know which one is it and ways to slow down the process, all it takes is timely detection of the source of recession and finding its remedy.

Maturing of the hairline is not something to be scared of and though, there are conflicting ideas on whether it produces baldness or not, you can always find a solution of it online!

Bibliography

Kavish Chouhan, G. R. (2019). Approach to hair transplantation in advanced grade baldness by follicular unit extraction: A retrospective analysis of 820 cases. The Complete Skin and Hair Solution, 215-222.

Martinick, J. H. (1999). Hairline Placement: Getting It Right. hair transplant forum international.

Ogunmakin KO, R. R. (2011). Alopecia: the case for medical necessity. skinmed, 79-84.

William R. Rassman, M. i. (2013). Phenotype of Normal Hairline Maturation. PlumX Metrics, 317–324.

Gender Double Standards | Double Standards for Women | GETTIK

Gender Double Standards | Double Standards for Women | GETTIK

9 Examples of the Double Standards That Women Face in Today’s Society

Double standards occur when groups that should be held to the same measure are treated or regarded differently. This happens in a variety of circumstances, but often occurs when there is an unbalanced power dynamic, or an opportunity for favoritism. One way that double standards can manifest is between women and men. These double standards may begin in early childhood and can last lifetimes. They can occur in social settings, education, work, fashion, and economically. Consider the following nine examples.

1. Gender Wage Gap

The gender wage gap is the difference between what men and women earn and are paid. There are many factors that contribute to the gender wage gap including but not limited to: access to education, occupational segregation, direct pay discrimination, bias against working mothers, racial bias, disability, and ageism. It is also important to note that different groups of women experience different gaps in pay.

According to the American Association of University Women (AAUW), a group that promotes equity and education for women and girls, the gender pay gap occurs across nearly all occupations and industries. The gap itself, when looking at median earnings, is about 18 cents per dollar. Meaning that for every dollar a male makes, a woman makes 82 cents. When considering racial bias, the percentages change. The following figures from AAUW are women’s percentages of men’s salaries broken down by race:

  • Asian women, 90%
  • White women, 79%
  • Black women, 62%
  • Native, Hawaiian, Pacific Islander women, 61%
  • American Indian or Alaska Native Women, 57%
  • Hispanic or Latinx women, 54%

2.  Leadership Positions

The gap of women in leadership roles is closely related to the gender wage gap. It is not that there are no qualified women to fill leadership roles; in fact, women are more present in the workforce now, than ever. It is more a matter of barriers and bias of the status of women in leadership. Negative stereotypes, hostile work environments, and bias are the true culprits and obstacles that women face when seeking leadership positions. Often women are battling gender roles, status quo, and stereotypes to embrace caretaking, supportive, and emotional roles.

Gender inequality is also present in the gap in women’s leadership and political positions. In 2019, women only represent 24% of Congress, 24% of the House, and 23% of the Senate, while almost 51% of the U.S. population are women.

3.  Voicing Your Opinion

Traits and characteristics associated with leadership can fall into stereotypically masculine traits such as assertiveness, ambition, and competitiveness. Feminine stereotypical traits tend to lean towards attributes such as communication, collaboration, and caretaking. These biases place women seeking leadership roles into an assertiveness double-bind that can result in a backlash against a woman who behaves assertively.

Studies show that assertive behavior in the workplace can be a double-edged sword for women at work. Women who display assertive behavior may face the social penalty of being seen in a negative light. Likewise, studies on displays and expressions of emotion and anger in the workplace can disproportionately affect women. It was found that both male and female evaluators perceived angry woman professionals as a lower status than angry male professionals, regardless of the actual occupational rank. It was also found that women’s emotional reactions were attributed to internal and personal characteristics, as opposed to men’s emotional reaction attributions to circumstance.

4.  Sexual Conduct

Ideas of masculinity and femininity are rooted in rigid societal constructs and norms that can manifest behaviors and identities in individuals. Gender identity is a deeply held feeling of being male, female, both, or other. These constructs can be skewed into excessive and repressive definitions that result in extremes, such as toxic masculinity. 

Toxic masculinity equates “being a man” with aggression, status, and sexual conquests. The pursuance and abundance of sexual encounters can be viewed as a positive trait when assuming the cultural gendered behavior of men. However, women are commonly seen in a negative light for promiscuity.

5.  Insecurity

Notions of insecurities differ between gender identities and roles. The cultural ideal of “manliness” as defined by strength, and the categorization of emotions as feminine or “weak” can cause repressions and insecurity about emotional reactions. As a result, men may become insecure about expressing themselves. Women are often more insecure or concerned with physical attractiveness, as their looks can be more consequential for them.

6.  Emotional Expression

The cultural ideas of masculinity and femininity also include notions of how one is supposed to act and feel emotionally. The cultural idea of manhood values strength and represses emotions and insecurities as they are considered a form of weakness. As opposed to women, where femininity is often painted in emotional vulnerability or supportive roles. These views of gender traits are often reinforced in the media with near-impossible standards and stereotypes in which people are portrayed. These impossible standards create myths around distorted reality, depicting and reinforcing traditional roles and normalizing violence against women.

7.  Body Image

How bodies are portrayed in the media affects both men and women alike. Celebrities, influencer culture, and impossible standards of super-slim women, or muscle-bound men, have shaped body image and the satisfaction people have with their appearance. These standards are built from basic human instincts seeking sexually mature partners, youth indicators such as thick hair, stereotypical body shapes, or facial hair. This can lead to insecurities about female pattern baldness, male pattern baldness, unhealthy insecurities about “the perfect body shape”, or social media trends that can lead to unhealthy food obsessions. Ageism also culturally affects both genders differently, as women must stay highly focused on youthful looks with effort in make

8.  Childcare

Generally, women are more likely to be expected to take care of children and perform housekeeping duties than men are. The double standard is exceptionally strong in single-parent families. Perceptions of single-parent mothers are drastically different from single-parent fathers, who are often seen as exceptional parents for their involvement with their child. Studies on the double standards of praise and criticism of mothers and fathers also show that mothers reported higher levels of criticism than fathers did for too little involvement at home, as well as too much involvement at work. On the other hand, fathers reported being criticized more than mothers for too much involvement at home, and little involvement in work.

9.  Taking the Male’s Last Name

The social standard of a woman changing her last name in marriage is an old construct that has a history in ownership — in marriage, a wife was said to become one with her husband. This “coverture” prevented women from entering into contracts, participating in business, or exercising ownership over real estate or property.

In recent years, women are keeping their maiden names more often — about 30%. This deviation from the patriarchal marital traditions accompanies many social changes, such as women achieving higher education and entering the workforce, as well as the prevalence of same-sex couple marriages. Yet still, women face the question of whether they should change their name at marriage from the social expectation that nuclear families should share one last name. The female role is expected to be communal and sacrifice their individual interest to the well-being of the family. This directly causes a double standard of equity socially, as well as internally, as women continue to face the rebirthing of their self and identity.

The Effects of Stress on the Body and Brain | GETTIK

The Effects of Stress on the Body and Brain | GETTIK

The Physical and Psychological Impact of Stress

Stress can take a toll on the body both physically and psychologically. According to a 2018 Gallup Poll, “The majority of Americans (55%) said they had experienced stress during a lot of the day.” However, stress can often seem unrelated to effects in our bodies, brains, and behaviors. Having trouble concentrating, showing signs of balding, or feeling overwhelmed are much more real symptoms of stress than we’re led to believe. Understanding how stress occurs, as well as how to recognize it, are fundamental in its management.

What Is Stress?

When we feel threatened or under pressure, our bodies trigger a “stress response.” Also known as “fight or flight,” this response is a result of the nervous system instructing our bodies to release stress hormones such as cortisol, epinephrine, and norepinephrine. 

This chemical process is necessary, but not always convenient. Think about the last time you had to slam on your car breaks as someone crossed the street without looking. What enabled you to break is the same stress response you experience after a difficult day at work. The difference is that it’s needed in the former, and not in the latter.

Effects of Stress on the Body

During stressful events, our body reacts by sending signals throughout our brain, blood vessels, and nerves. These signals cause pain and discomfort to course through our body. Stress can, in turn, affect nearly every physical facet of its composure, including but not limited to the respiratory, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, nervous, and reproductive systems. Below are a few symptoms of stress to be aware of.

Fatigue

One of the many symptoms of stress, fatigue is a feeling of tiredness and low energy. When stress causes disturbances to a person’s sleep, day time fatigue occurs as a result. Such disturbances include insomnia, difficulty falling asleep, and difficulty staying asleep. Research conducted by the National Institute of Psychosocial Medicine found that increased levels of stress at work rendered increased levels of stress at bedtime.

Headaches

Light sensitivity, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, and dull, aching head pain are common symptoms of headaches. More often than people may think, stress is found to be the trigger for these symptoms. The stress can be brought on from a plethora of causes including a difficult day at work, financial hardship, or a strained relationship.

Muscle Tension and Chest Pain

Muscle contractions that don’t release, or muscle tension, is the body’s way of combating injury or pain. However, muscle tension does not have to come from physical exertion alone. Stress contributes to both short and long-term muscle and chest pain. This symptom of stress alone can contribute to other stress-related disorders such as headaches, chest pain, and upset stomach.

Decreased Sex Drive

A bad day at work can cause more than just a headache or an upset stomach. The stress felt during difficult times can seep into every aspect of a person’s life — whether they’re aware of it or not. Decreased sex drive, for example, is a potential result of stress. This problem is presented as having little to no interest in sexual activity or an inability to receive pleasure from sex. This occurs because the chemical response in the body turns off non-essential functions in order to focus on the perceived threat — whatever is causing your stress.

Upset Stomach

Before a big speech or on the first day of school, many people feel like they have butterflies in their stomach, making them woozy or nauseous. A well-disguised term for stress, butterflies in the stomach is actually the result of adverse chemical reactions in the body. The chemicals released, such as cortisol and epinephrine, can take a toll on the digestive system causing this well-known effect of stress.

Psychological Effects of Stress

Stress can weigh on your mind causing myriad concerns. Below are some of the psychological effects of stress:

Anxiety

A common reaction to stress, anxiety is the feeling of fear, worry, and unease experienced during challenging times. While anxiety is healthy in small amounts, too much is unfavorable, causing other symptoms such as an upset stomach or a decreased appetite. An important exam, for instance, may release a stress response that prompts you to study. However, continued fear and worry weeks after the exam is unnecessary and unfavorable.

Depression

Overactivity of the body’s stress response can lead to depression, a psychiatric disorder affecting over 300 million people globally. A decrease in serotonin caused by the stress response lends itself to feelings of hopelessness and sadness, as well as a loss of interest and restless sleep, among other symptoms. The effects of depression, in turn, contribute to increased stress — creating a vicious cycle, difficult to break.

Irritability and Anger

Irritability and anger are two often unwanted symptoms of stress. Though a healthy amount contributes to increased motivation, too much spurs dangerous transgressions, such as road rage, workplace violence, and assault. These actions, in turn, can lead to being fired or even jailed. When these situations occur, stress becomes distress — an unwanted affliction.

Lack of Concentration

Despite the common reference to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, lack of concentration is a normal occurrence for most people, with or without the disorder. Focusing on what someone is saying while a million other things run through your mind can be difficult for anybody. However, the multitude of thoughts on your mind causing such a lack of concentration could, in turn, be due to stress. Excessive amounts of stress can make concentrating difficult, if not impossible.

Restlessness

Restlessness is the inability to rest or relax, and can arise from stress. Arduous life events trigger a person’s stress response diminishing their ability to fall asleep, stay asleep, and concentrate.

Behavioral Symptoms of Stress

The physical and psychological effects of stress can manifest in behavioral symptoms, such as those noted below:

Changes in Appetite

Changes in appetite occur as a part of the body’s chemical reaction to an overactive stress response. The gastrointestinal system becomes disrupted, resulting in suppressed digestion and a temporary end to breaking down food. Symptoms appear as an increased or decreased appetite.

Increased Drug/Alcohol Use

The use of alcohol and drugs releases chemicals in the brain that can feel calming during times of stress. However, their effects are a temporary fix that can potentially lead to adverse long-term effects. Using drugs and alcohol to cope with life’s stressful events results in reliance and abuse. Research shows that excessive levels of stress can increase vulnerability to addiction.

Feeling Overwhelmed

Sometimes recognizing how much stress we are experiencing does not occur until we feel completely overwhelmed. Consequently, poor judgment, negative, and racing thoughts are hard to stop once started. Operating in a constant crisis-mode does not bode well for long-term health.

Outbursts

When stress becomes too much to handle, people may react with an outburst of emotion, whether it be anger, tears, or something else. People have a breaking point, and uncontrolled stress may bring them to it. Outbursts are commonly found in children, who have not yet learned how to regulate their emotions. However, the same symptoms may present themselves in adults.

Withdrawal

Just as stress can lead to anxiety and depression, stress can further lead to withdrawal. The feelings of hopelessness and inadequacy experienced in these disorders contribute to the decline in social interactions. This kind of reclusive behavior may only worsen stress — creating a vicious cycle.

Long-Term Effects of Stress

Ongoing stress has the potential to exacerbate serious health problems that affect every facet of the body. The long-term effects of stress include:

Heart Problems

Research is still being conducted to determine whether or not stress causes a direct impact on heart-related problems. However, the different ways in which people react to stress can contribute to poor heart health People who react by overeating or decreasing physical exercise have the potential to develop conditions such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and heart disease. Managing stress is critical in diminishing the proclivity of these conditions. Exercising regularly, limiting caffeine intake, and maintaining a healthy diet are a few ways to enhance heart health while controlling stress levels.

Menstrual Issues

Too much stress causes adverse effects on a woman’s reproductive health, including irregular or missed periods, as well as amenorrhea — the absence of periods. As the hypothalamus becomes suppressed due to the increased stress, the interconnected system of glands disrupts a woman’s normal production of hormones, leading to menstrual issues. Maintaining a healthy menstrual cycle requires managing stress levels and implementing coping mechanisms.

Hair Loss

Stress-induced hair loss is one of the many surprising side effects that can afflict individuals. For some people, stress manifests in an urge to pull out one’s hair — known as trichotillomania — while in others stress makes hair fall out as a result of bodily functions. In the latter, the growth cycle of hair ceases upon exposure to high levels of stress leading to thin hair and balding. For quick relief, hair-growth and hair-thickening products can help mitigate this pattern. Long term relief, however, requires managing stress levels so that hair loss is stopped at the source.

Skin Irritation

Acne, eczema, hives, and psoriasis are all skin conditions that can originate from uncontrolled stress. Not only can stress bring about these irritations, but they can exacerbate already existing conditions. For example, the cortisol released from the brain during stressful moments informs the body’s glands to produce extra oil — causing acne. Feeling bad about your skin, in turn, can produce further skin irritations creating a cycle that is difficult to break. Regularly washing your face, eating healthy meals, and exercising are potential solutions to skin conditions exacerbated by stress.

Gastrointestinal Conditions

Types of gastrointestinal issues are heartburn, indigestion, bloating, and constipation, among others. According to Harvard Health, “Functional gastrointestinal disorders affect 35% to 70% of people at some point in life, women more often than men.” Since exact causes are often unknown, many researchers believe stress to be a potential culprit. However, stress and gastrointestinal conditions often influence each other. Though this cycle is not easy to break, life-style changes and medication help alleviate discomfort.

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